Many students deal on the literal level as they learn a modern language. When they learn a sentence, they learn it on a literal level; this sentence means this specific thing. They see the sentence as a fixed sentence, as one block of solid cement even though the cement has various sections. For example, when they learn “Where is the school?” they do not realize that they can ask “Where is (the party, house, concert, game, etc”). Even more, they do not realize that they can use various verbs after “Where?” such as “Where (do you eat, does he practice, do the people go?, etc.”). They are stuck in the literal one cement block of learning the sentence.
“Where is the school?” can be transformed into many modern language sentences; this flexibility opens up the students’ speaking. Each part of the student becomes a flip book with many different possibilities. They can change the question word, the verb and the noun. When students see sentences as flexible flip books, they discover that they can say many different things with a few basic sentences or questions. One sentence widens out to many sentences. This flexibility contributes to their modern language fluency.
These steps help develop this flexibility:
1) From each unit or section, pick eight target language critical sentences that have great flexibility.
2) Underline in each of the first four sentences the part that the students can change.
3) Have the students see how many different modern language sentences they can say by just changing the underlined part of the sentence. They can say them to their partner who counts their variety. Then the partner can say different sentences based on the original sentence. If they make changes to questions, their partners can answer the questions.
4) Give students the other four sentences without any underlined parts and see how well they can transform those sentences into a multitude of meaningful sentences. Have pairs of students compete to see who can make the most different sentences.
I have developed two activities for Spanish students that develop flexibility with word/phrase substitutions 1) Spanish Tell Me About Yourself Substitution Sentences and 2) Spanish Friend /Family Member Detailed Description – Partner Talk
How do you help your students to be flexible in their modern language use?
My ebook, 90 Mobile Learning Modern Language Activities, shows how easy it is to use mobile learning in the classroom to develop language communication even when only half the class has mobile devices. It is available at http://bit.ly/90mlact.
I have developed 27 Spanish activities and 5 Modern Language Visual activities for students to begin to express themselves in the modern language and to move toward spontaneous speaking Teacherspayteachers: http://bit.ly/tpthtuttle
My three formative assessment books, Improving Foreign Language Speaking Through Formative Assessment, Formative Assessment: Responding to Your Students and Successful Student Writing Through Formative Assessment, are available at http://is.gd/tbook