Transform grammar or vocabulary recognition activities into spontaneous speaking ones so students can speak the language
Do Find Someone Who + Add a Question and add an alternative answer
Basic picture: vocabulary → Say what is the Same/Different; say actions
Modify/ Substitute Basic Sentences – Substitute in your own words for critical word
Use variety – Students say different verbs
Scaffolded conversation – Speaking Mats, Columns
Extend Speaking How many consecutive sentences do they say? Use dice.
Role Play for people in pictures speak with the emotions that that people would
My Spanish spontaneous speaking activities (29+) includes Structured Speaking (Students substitute in or select words to communicate in pairs), Speaking Mats ( Student can talk using a wide variety of nouns, verbs and adjectives to express their ideas in pairs or small group), Modified Speed Dating (Students ask their partners one question from a card-whole class), Role Playing (Students talk as people in pictures or drawings from 2-4 people), Spontaneous Speaking (based on visuals or topics in pairs), and Grammar speaking games (pairs or small group). Available for a nominal fee at Teacherspayteachers: http://bit.ly/tpthtuttle.
At the same site, I have a series of modern language visual stories with no words (the beach, the city, school, etc.) for two students to role play; the restaurant role play involves four students. These can be used in any language since there are just visuals, no words.
My book, Improving Foreign Language Speaking Through Formative Assessment, and my book, Formative Assessment, Responding to Students, are available at http://is.gd/tbook